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Test Details

  • HbA1c
  • Glycosylated Hemoglobin


Hba1c is Blood test, which doesn’t require fasting, indicates average blood sugar level for the past two to three months.

Why HbA1c test?

India is home to over 77 million diabetics and has the second highest number of diabetes patients aged between 20-79 years as of 2019. Socioeconomic and demographic changes, along with increased susceptibility for diabetes in India individuals owing to genetic factors have led to an explosive rise in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in India over the past forty years.

In addition, the country also has a burden of ‘’pre-diabetes’’. Timely diagnosis can prevent pre-diabetes manifesting in to diabetes. Good sugar control in diabetics can also help prevent diabetes related complications


Thus, the focus in on prevention for non-diabetic and pre-diabetic people and in those who are diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to monitor blood sugar levels regularly. Diabetes is associated with a number of serious complications that lead to hospitalization, morbidity and even premature deaths in diabetic patients.

Who should get tested?
  • Your healthcare provider may order HbA1C test to diagnose diabetes / pre-diabetes – India faces a huge burden of pre-diabetes therefore measuring blood sugar levels regularly can help one assess if they are pre-diabetic. Lifestyle changes can help you prevent diabetes or cardiovascular disease
  • Diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes: HbA1c test is also used to diagnose diabetes along with fasting or random blood sugar levels
  • Monitor blood sugar levels: Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to ensure that the blood sugar levels are always under control and that your treatment is going as planned.
  • Risk factors for diabetes:
  • Overweight / obese
  • High blood pressure
  • History of heart disease
  • Physical inactivity
  • You may need to get yourself tested for HbA1c if you have symptoms of diabetes. These include:
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
Reference Values
HbA1c level in % What does the value mean?
< 5.7 Non-diabetic
5.7 – 6.4 Pre-diabetic – higher change of getting diabetes
> 6.5 Diabetic

For those who are diagnosed with diabetes, a result of 7% and below indicated good blood sugar control and lower risk for developing diabetes related complications. If your HbA1c results are above 7%, then your doctor may alter your treatment plan or recommend diet and lifestyle changes depending on overall health, age, weight and other factors.

More about Glycated hemoglobin:

Other names: Glycated hemoglobin test, hemoglobin A1C

The HbA1c test measures the glycated hemoglobin levels in the blood. This tests presents an overall picture of the average blood sugar levels over a period of time and thus the test gives a good indication of how well diabetes is controlled in a person.

Hemoglobin is a protein within the red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Of the different types of Hemoglobin in the blood, Hemoglobin A is the most common form of the ‘oxygen-transporting’ protein. Glucose or sugar attaches to this hemoglobin – thus the term Glycated hemoglobin. The average lifespan of a red blood cell is between 3-4 months. Measuring the amount of hemoglobin in the blood that is glycated therefore gives good indication of blood sugar control over a period of 3 months.


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