Urinalysis, Urine R/M, Routine,

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  • Urinalysis


A urinalysis is used to detect and manage a wide range of disorders, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease and diabetes

More about Urinalysis, Urine R/M, Routine

Other Names: Urine Analysis, UA, Urine Routine, Urine test

A urinalysis is simply a test of your urine. It includes checking the appearance, pH or concentration and content of the urine. It is used to detect kidney diseases, urinary tract infections and routinely ordered when there is a fever. It is also an important test for diabetics. A routine urine test analyses the physical, chemical and microscopic aspects of the urine.

Why Urinalysis, Urine R/M, Routine Test?

A routine urine test analyses the physical, chemical and microscopic aspects of the urine. The test measures byproducts of normal and abnormal metabolism, cells detected in urine, cellular fragments and also bacteria.

The urine is waste product produced by the kidney. The kidney throughout the day filters out blood, balances the amount of water in the body, conserves proteins and electrolytes etc. The waste is filtered out and disposed through the urine. Analysis of urine therefore directly helps assess kidney function. Since diabetics are at increased risk of kidney disorders, a urine tests help them manage their risk for complications.

Who should get tested for Urinalysis, Urine R/M, Routine?

Your healthcare provider may order Urinalysis as a routine wellness examination, during hospital admission, before undergoing surgery, when a woman has a pregnancy checkup or with symptoms of a urinary tract infection or other urinary system problem, such as kidney disease. Some signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Back pain
  • Painful or frequent urination
  • Blood in the urine

Testing may also be ordered at regular intervals when monitoring certain conditions over time.

Reference Values for Urinalysis, Urine R/M, Routine

Physical aspects:

  • Color: Usually the color of urine is pale, slightly yellow or colorless. Sometimes the urine can be of an amber shade if blood is present in urine and this calls for more diagnosis to understand the cause. Food and medications can also have an impact on the color of the urine. If the color is yellow-brown or greenish-brown, it is a sign of bilirubin in the urine.
  • Appearance: Clarity of the urine is also measured in the physical or visual aspects. Depending on the presence of mucus, RBCs, WBCs or bacteria, the appearance of urine may vary.

Chemical aspects:

  • pH and specific gravity is measured which gives insights in to the presence of crystals, proteins or sugar in the urine
  • Bilirubin – presence of bilirubin indicates liver diseases like hepatitis. Buildup of bilirubin in the blood leads it to be excreted in the urine and the levels to go up
  • Presence of urobilinogen indicates hepatitis or liver cirrhosis, liver damage due to toxic substances etc.
  • Protein in the urine is a sign of kidney disease. Increased levels of protein in the urine is referred to as proteinuria.
  • Similarly, presence of sugar or glucose in urine is called as glucosuria. Hormonal disorders, pregnancy, diabetes and certain medications can lead to glucosuria.

Microscopic elements:

Red blood cells, white blood cells, epithelial cells, bacteria, yeast, parasites, casts, crystals are all examined as part of the microscopic examination of urine.


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